Political Analysis

Yemen gives wounded al Qaeda a chance to regroup

Military vehicle equipped with machine guns

Yemen’s military blamed al Qaeda for a rocket attack on the presidential palace in Sanaa on Friday that killed seven and injured President Ali Abdullah Saleh, it said in an Internet posting on Sunday.

Diplomats and analysts have accused the Salaeh government of exaggerating the al Qaeda threat in Yemen to help it win global support in the fight against the militant group. “President Ali Abdullah Saleh arrived last night to Saudi Arabia to complete medical tests following the criminal and cowardly attack by members of al Qaeda and the criminal elements behind it,” Yemeni military online newspaper, 26sep.net, said in the posting.

Saleh has blamed the attacks on a powerful tribal federation that has been fighting his forces in Sanaa.

Yemeni sources said a growing number of people in Saleh’s inner circle felt the attack might have been carried out by General Ali Mohsen who has broken from Saleh and sided with anti-government protesters.

War in Yemen would hand al Qaeda’s boldest militants greater scope to attack the West and repair the group’s morale after the loss of Osama bin Laden.

With President Ali Abdullah Saleh’s government mired in worsening political strife, the Yemen-based al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) is likely to have more freedom to apply a proven talent for daring and inventive bombing plots.

The small group — some estimates put it at 300 individuals — has nothing to do with a youth-based uprising seeking to end Saleh’s long rule, or with opposition forces who fought pitched battles with his loyalists this week in the capital Sanaa. But AQAP has international importance because it is al Qaeda’s most intrepid community of attackers. It is adept at fielding operatives overseas, manufacturing and concealing sophisticated explosives, and producing compelling online propaganda that instigates attacks by others.

It seems to be that al-Qaeda in Yemen does not affected by the death of the leader Osam Bin Laden. Observers warned from the reaction of the group in Yemen which come true by the attacked of Zinjibar city in Abyen governoartes 90 kl meters from Aden governorate.

 

The ongoing chaos in Yemen give the group an additional opportunity to expand its relations with Shaikhs, military men, some tribes  and religious men like Shaikh Abdul Majeed al-Zandani who may support the group through al-iman university.

Alkhaleej UAE Newspaper reported through Yemeni citizens that black flags were raised over some houses in the south of Abyen mainly in the provinces of  Modyia, Loader and Al-Mahfad.

National Yemen

oil pipeline explosion in Shabwa governorate

The organization led by Nasser Alwahshi who has threatened to attack oil facilities— foreigner companies as well as security forces in order to overthrow the royal family in Saudi Arabia and the Yemeni government in order to establish an Islamic caliphate in the region. Al-Qaeda organization was formed in the Arabian Peninsula since 2009 by integration of two organizations of both Saudi Arabia and Yemen.

In spite of the popular revolutions witnessed in the Yemeni squares demanding the fall of the Yemeni president since four  months, Al-Qaeda is considering it as a success of its thoughts .

Yemeni government never stops prosecuting Al-Qaeda supporters on its territory under the name of Islamic Jihad base in the Arabian Peninsula.

Yemeni ministry of defense reported that two central leaders of Al-Qaeda died in Shabwa governorate, Yemen where the organization is active there. Al Qaeda supporters responded quickly to the process in Zanjibar province, Abyan governorate South of Yemen by bombing of a military kit affiliated to central security killing 5 soldiers and 5 citizens and more is dying almost in daily basis.

The security authorities in Yemen announced the arrest of al-Qaeda   cell possessing weapons, explosives and explosive belts in Hodeidah   Governorate, west of the country. They also found in their possession an explosive belt intended for detonation in addition to other belts in the process of developing and found three machine guns with ammunition and bombs in addition to a set of wires and electrical connections and books for learning to make explosives and planting the storming of sites. They admitted to belong to al-Qaeda

Yemen: Has al Qaeda disappeared?

As Yemen is facing rapid and unprecedented changes, the country that
was a year ago in the news mainly for being a haven for terrorism is
not the number one priority of the U.S and the West anymore. So what
happened to all the Yemeni Al-Qaeda fighters that are supposed to be
in hiding on the country’s territory, have they fled to Libya?

The slowness and reluctance of the International community to confront
the fragile political situation in Yemen surely raises questions as to
why the troubled nation was portrayed as poverty stricken base for
terrorists. This time last year Yemen was making the headlines as a
dangerous state where Islamist fundamentalists were posing a threat to
the regime but also to the region as a whole. Today however it seems
that what happens in Yemen stays in Yemen as the International
Community appears totally disinterested in the collapse of the
government. So what caused this change of heart? Did Al-Qaeda really
happen to be influential in the country or was it just an attempt to
boost the American-led war on terror?

Yemen has faced a set of profound political and economic issues for
decades. It is the poorest country in the Arab world, with 40 per cent
living below the poverty line, 50 per cent of the country is
illiterate, and 35 per cent of the population is unemployed.

The government of President Ali Abdullah Saleh has always been weak
outside the capital, as it lacks both resources and credibility. It
also has been accused of creating endemic corruption and had to try
and suppress a bloody Zaidi Shia rebellion in the northern Saada
governorate as well as a deepening secessionist movement in the south
over a long period of time.

The link between Yemen and radical Islam dates back to the 1980s, as
thousands of Yemenis responded to the call for jihad against the
Soviets in Afghanistan and returned home afterwards. In Guantanamo,
Yemenis convicts make up the largest core contingent.

 

A new King for the organization

Media resources announces from close resources to Al-Qaeda organization in Yemen named as Arabian Peninsula organization that there are consultations going on between organization members assigned Anwar Al-awlaki as a leader for the organization .

While eye witnesses said to the same source that there are circled flights drone of aircraft on a number of mountainous areas and desert in Yemen especially in the south, east and center of the country to search for the most wanted in the Yemeni land Shaikh Al-awlaki to America and other numbers of Saudis and Yemenis.

Media resources revealed for a wide search for five wanted Saudis, including a woman and number of Yemenis, including Anwar al- Awlaki, who survived a raid last week.

Americans believe that Anwar Al-awlaki is qualified to be in the forefront of the spiritual leaders of the organization during the coming period. Al-awlaki   disappears in the rugged mountains of Shabwa, with a number of al-Qaeda leaders in Yemen.

National Yemen

Most wanted to the USA Government Anwar al-Awlaki

Anwar Al-awlaki

Anwar al-Awlaki was prosecuted in absentia in Yemen and is a father of five children.  A strict preacher whose lectures were spread on the internet, he was prosecuted by a Yemeni court for belonging to al-Qaeda and incitement to kill foreigners, among them a French engineer last year in Sana’a.

The U.N announced that he was among its black list, regarding him a member of the senior leadership of al-Qaeda. al-Awlaki’s name came to the spot light after it was discovered that he was in close contact with major Nidal Hasan, the military psychiatrist of Palestinian origin who was accused of opening fire on his colleagues in the barracks at Fort Hood in Texas, which resulted in the death of thirteen people.

Al-Awlaki called all Muslims in the U.S army to emulate what Nidal Hasan did. It is also rumored that al-Awlaki had a relation with the person who executed the failed bombing of the U.S. aircraft which was on a flight between Amsterdam and Detroit during Christmas of 2009.

Nasser al-Wahayshi, leader of al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula has previously praised Al-awlaki in audio recordings. Al-Awlaki belongs to a wealth family in Yemen. His father was a former minister and a former dean of the faculty of commerce at Sana’a university. He was born in 1971 in the US state of New Mexico and returned to Yemen, where he received his secondary education before he went back again to study engineering in the U.S in 1991.

There he graduated from Colorado State University and went on to obtain a diploma in higher studies from the University of San Diego, according sources familiar with the details of his life.

During his years in the U.S, al-Awlaki started to preach in various mosques in the U.S.  He was also responsible for a charity belonging to the strict Islamic preacher Abdulmajeed al-Zindani, who is accused by Washington of being associated to terrorist groups.

Al-Awlaki has posted a series of audio and visual lectures on the life of  the Prophet Mohammed in English, which was sold online and received a huge following.

He was arrested in 2008 and released after the mediation of Yemeni officials in condition that he remains in Sana’a, locked at the police station every day, yet after two months al-Awlaki left Sana’a towards Shabwa governorate “his origin” east of Yemen.

Al-Qaeda In Yemen:

The expert of al-Qaeda affairs Mr. Abdul -Ilah Haidar who still under the arrest  of investigations for his reports and relations with al-Qaeda. Haidar said in al-Afif center 2010 his view on the organization of al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula which was found by Osam Bin Laden  in the mid of the nineteenth of the last century on the title of kick the un-Muslims in the Arab peninsula addressing the religious men in the  Saudia Arabian  and some individual of the republican guards and military-men. That was the first document of the birth of al-Qeada in the Arabian peninsula which was announced the united state the first enemy describing   Saudia Arabia colonized by the state and its under the Israeli occupation.

Why the semi-Arabian Peninsula(Yemen):

Dr. Mohammed No’aman  an specialist in the Islamic movement affairs, said that al-Qeada in Yemen is benefiting from the nature of Yemen, hard mountains and the weakness of the government of controlling the boarders which gives al-Qaeda an advantage to attacks the entire world. The group takes Yemen a safe haven to held its military training  Hub which made Yemen the starting point of any activity in Yemen or elsewhere.

Al-Qeada Heaven:

Al-Qeada spread over many hard governorates like Abyen, Shabwa, Marib, aljawf and others areas within the Republic of Yemen. Al-Qead enjoys a good relations with Sheikhs and decision makers and close members to President and his family.

Al-Qaeda through its prince in the Arabian Peninsula said that the group is the key of frees Pelastian  saying that the earlier Muslims cleared the Arabian peninsula and then they opened bait al-Maqdes.

They considered the campaign of al-Nato and American against Afghanistan, Iraq, Somalia and other Arab and Muslim countries and the use of the sea and lands to attack them is part of their plan to protect the jewish in palestian. For that, Yemen has an strategic in the ideas of central of al-Qeada leaders the land of logistic and it’s the land of more than twelve fighting groups. The goals of al-Qeada is to held strong ruling place like Talaban. Iman Al-Dawhari called the Yemeni tribes to support the organization. Al-Qeada is aiming to held  international Khalifa Islamiah .

The birth of al-Qeada in the Arabian peninsula:

The integrating of al-Bushair Saudi organization with al-Qeada in Yemen six months later after the establishment of the organization in January 2009. Ayman al-Dawahry approved the integration a new Islamic Imarah headed by Abu Basir as the leader of al-Majahdeen Prince.

He said that the historical boundaries description  of al-Qeada starts from al-Yemeni corner in Makka till Arab Sea. The Saudi members of al-Qeada foams 50% of the group  and the finance is Saudi , having drugs and smugglings are the best revenue.

The organization system:

According to researchers in the Shura council that Abu Basir is the head and contain a members of non Yemeni where Saeed al-Shihri is the deputy with a nickname is Abu sufyan al-Azdari al-Shahri the ex-prisoner in Guantanamo. The organization has multi branches consist of media section which contains the production unit, journalism, print  marketing and researchers centers.

Military section which contains department for development and manufacturing military weapons and bombs like the one which targeted the prince Mohammed Bin Naif, and the one which targeted the passengers at Detortuot  on the last December 2009.

The roots of al-Qead in Yemen:

Johon Novak the American  searcher of Yemen affairs and middle east   said in one of her reports that Brigader Ali Mohsin hired thousands of soldiers to fight for Osama bin Ladin through military campus training in Yemen with the support of the United state in the last eighteenth century. The Yemeni fighters were very trustful and close to Bin Laden and they used to worked as drivers, cooks and guards.

Ali Mohsin receives thousands of the returned Majahdeen from Afghanistan and they were described as heroes and he hired more than five thousands soldiers during the civil war in the summer of 1994.

The researcher said that the government continues using the jihades through Sa’ada war against  AL-Houthies.

Hassan Zaid a member of the opposition parties said that the presents of the biggest military campus for al-Qaeda is one of the main disagreement between the government and the Houthies indicating to the military campus of Ali Mohsin the leader of Sa’ada war against al-Houthies.

The war against al-Qeada success and fail.

After the attacked of September 11th, 2001, the United State the most prominent attack ever which targeted the world trade center and Pentagon which killed over 30.000 persons. By that time President Saleh  joined the war against terrorism in which Obama administration worked in enhancing its relations with the Yemeni government against the threat of al-Qeada. Since last December the united state increased its level of security document exchange with Yemen logistically and financially.

Through the last years the  Yemen military with the interpretation and support of the State which resulted in killing a number of the group which exeeds hundreds and captured the most prominent leaders.

The most active  attacks of al-Qeada in Yemen

December 1992 Bombers hit hotel in Aden formerly used by US marines – first known al-Qaeda attack in Yemen.

October 2000 Suicide attack on destroyer USS Cole in Aden. Bomb attack on British embassy in Sanaa.

October 2002 French tanker Limburg damaged by bomb-laden boat in port of Ash-Shir.

8th July 2007 Spanish tourists, 2 local drivers killed by car bomb at historic site in Maarib.

January 2008  Two Belgians, their guide and driver shot dead in attack in Wadi Hadramout.

March 2008  Policeman, student killed in attempted bombing of US embassy.

September 2008  16 killed in double car bombing outside US embassy.

January 2009  Saudi and Yemeni al-Qaeda branches announce merger to form al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP).

4th March 2009 South Korean tourists killed by suicide bomber in Shibam.

August 2009  AQAP bomber dies in failed bid to kill Saudi Deputy Interior Minister Prince Mohammed bin Nayef.

December 2009  ‘Underwear bomber’ Umar Farouk Abdulmutallab allegedly tries to down Detroit-bound US airliner in plot claimed by AQAP.

January 2010  London conference on extremism in Yemen.

April 2010 Attempted suicide bomb attack on convoy of British envoy Tim Torlot in Sanaa.

June 2010  Attack on Aden security complex. 10 security officers said killed.

11th July 2010 security forces killed in 2 separate attacks in Shabwa province. Al-Qaeda attackers hit South Yemen security offices in 2 coordinated attacks.

October 2010  Rocket attack targets British embassy car

October 2010  Parcel bombs, thought to have been made by al-Qaeda and dispatched in Yemen, found on US-bound cargo planes

JANUARY 1, 2011: Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) has said it was responsible for 49 attacks since June and that 36 of these attacks targeted security headquarters and checkpoints.

JANUARY 3, 2011: Armed men, suspected to be al Qaeda militants, attacked the building of General Security and Central security in Ataq district in Shabwah governorate.

JANUARY 7, 2011: Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) militants ambushed a military convoy transporting water supplies to a military camp in Lawder in Abyan governorate.

JANUARY 17, 2011: Suspected AQAP militants assassinated Colonel Atiq al Amri, a high-ranking security officer in the criminal investigation unit.

JANUARY 22, 2011: Suspected al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) gunmen killed Lieutenant Colonel Nabil Aklan, a top Yemeni security official,

JANUARY 23, 2011: Suspected AQAP militants attacked a hospital in Lawder, in Abyan governorate, freeing the “wanted al Qaeda suspect Amin al Sayed

JANUARY 26, 2011: Suspected al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) militants in Hadramawt governorate ambushed a convoy transporting money belonging to Yemen Post en route to Hami, killing four soldiers.

JANUARY 29, 2011: Yemeni security forces arrested six suspected AQAP militants believed to have been behind a January 26, 2011 attack in Hadramawt governorat.

FEBRUARY 17, 2011: Militants believed to be connected to AQAP assassinated Colonel Mohamed al Ezzy, a regional deputy director in the Political Security Agency.

MARCH 7, 2011: Suspected AQAP gunmen killed a local council member in his office in Shabwah governorate.

MARCH 17, 2011: A Yemeni security source announced that two suspected AQAP militants had been captured on their way to Taiz to join the protests.

MARCH 26, 2011:, 2011: AQAP militants seized control of weapons factory, Jaar town, al Husn town, and Khanfar mountain,

MARCH 29, 2011: Yemen’s elite, U.S.-trained counterterrorism forces have withdrawn from Abyan, an AQAP and secessionist stronghold, effectively ceding control.

APRIL 11, 2011: Suspected AQAP militants assassinated Yemeni intelligence officer Colonel Hussein Gharma in Lawder in Abyan governorate.

APRIL 15, 2011: FBI Assistant Director Mark Giuliano said that al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) is “the most serious threat to the homeland today.

APRIL 22, 2011: A Yemeni security official reported that AQAP militants “ambushed a military patrol in Marib near Safer,” where Ma’rib’s oil fields are located,

May 27, 2011: Suspected al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) militants took over Zinjibar, the capital of Abyan governorate

May 31, 2011: Al Qaeda-linked militants control Zinjibar, the capital of Abyan governorate.