Since signing of the Gulf Initiative, Yemen witnessed increased level of violence and protests. In light of these events, IRIN News Agency reviewed the most important events since the signing of the initiative up till the day of presidential election:
– November 23, 2011: Ali Abdullah Saleh signs an agreement brokered by the GCC providing that he withdraws from power on February 21, 2012 in exchange of immunity of prosecution. Meanwhile, tens of thousands of Yemeni demonstrators gather in the Change Square in Sana’a alongside 17 other governorates in the so-called “Continuing the Revolution” Friday. They gather to express their dissatisfaction of Saleh’s immunity.
– December 10 ,2011: The Government of National Reconciliation, consisting of 34 members (17 of Saleh’s party and 17 of the opposition JMP), sworn in at parliament.
– December 15-20, 2011: Workers in dozens of governmental and military institutions organize protests demanding the replacement of senior officials belonging to the GPC.
– December 18, 2011: The Military Committee for Achieving Security and Stability, consisting of 14 senior officers of the government and defected elements, order the removal of sand bags, barriers and checkpoints in Sana’a.
– December 23, 2011: 14 demonstrators die in clashes with police forces at the arrival of “March of Life” that was launched from Taiz City to Sana’a. The protestors walked along 250 kilometers of road to express their refusal of the agreement signed under the auspices of the GCC.
– December 25, 2011: Thousands of Southern Movement supporters organize demonstrations in the streets of Aden. Tens of them burned their election cards demonstrating their rejection of the presidential elections.
– December 29, 2011: Saleh meets with senior members of his party and guides them how to deal with mass demonstrations of employees in several governmental institutions.
– December 30, 2011: Supporters of Saleh resume marches in Al-Sab’een Square to protest against the continued youth demonstrations with the rallying call of “We will continue if you keep protesting.”
– January 4, 2012: Defected Major General Ali Mohsen survives an assassination attempt in Sana’a.
– January 6, 2012: Vice President Abd Rabo Mansour Hadi threatens to leave Yemen after being accused by senior officers in Saleh’s party for defying the authority of Saleh and called a traitor.
– January 8, 2012: Council of Ministers proposes a law of immunity from prosecution to protect Saleh and his followers and submitted it to the House of Representatives.
– January 10, 2012: Representatives boycott Saleh’s immunity. Also, the “March of Dignity” opposing this law that continued for five days arrived to Sana’a after being launched from Sada’a.
– January 11, 2012: The Disarming Committee declares a 48-hour time limit for gunmen related to Sheikh Sadeq Al-Ahmer to leave the capital.
– January 12, 2012: At least 26 die with more injured in clashes between Sunni Salafi and Shiite rebels from Houthis in the Hajoor area, south of Sada’a City.
– January 13, 2012: Seven people die and 25 more hurt in clashes between supporters of Southern Movement and police forces in Aden.
– January 14, 2012: Hadi refuses to submit his election nomination papers until the removal of checkpoints belonging to defected army elements in the north-west of the capital.
– January 15, 2012: Tribal gunmen kidnap a Norwegian working in a United Nations agency and demanded the release of a detained tribal leader.
– January 16, 2012: Islamist militants invade Rada’a city in Al-Baidha’a governorate, killing three policemen and releasing 400 militants from the central prison.
– January 20, 2012: At least five people die in clashes between Islamist militants and civilians in Rada’a city.
– January 21, 2012: Parliament passes the law of immunity and agrees to nominate Hadi as the sole candidate for the presidential elections. Thousands of demonstrators take to the streets opposing the new law.
– January 22, 2012: Saleh leaves Sana’a for Oman on his way to the United States for treatment and promises to come back to Yemen to attend the ceremony to install Hadi the president of Yemen.
– January 23, 2012: Thousand of Air Force personnel protest in Sana’a and Taiz city against their commander Major General Mohammed Saleh Al-Ahmer, the half-bother of Saleh and demanding his replacement.
– January 24, 2012: 46 die and tens injured in clashes between Shiites and tribal men in Haja City.
– January 25, 2012: Tens of thousands protest in Sana’a and other cities opposing the immunity granted to Saleh.
– January 28, 2012: Gunmen linked to the Southern Movement burn the Office of Supreme Commission for Elections and Referendum in Dali’e governorate.
– January 29, 2012: Supreme Commission for Elections start training management election committees in the various provinces.
– January 31, 2012: Minister of Information Ahmed Al-Amrani survives an assassination attempt before the Ministers’ Council and expresses his surprise at the attempt, as he believes he has no hostility with any.
– February 3,2012: More than 30 people hurt in clashes between supporters and opponents of elections in Aden.
– February 5, 2012: 55 die in clashes between Shiite Houthis and Salafis in Ahem district, Haja governorate. 6 die in clashes between police and supporters of the Southern Movement in Dali’e and Hadramout governorates.
– February 7, 2012: Hadi launches election campaign stating that despite complications in Yemen, people should go ahead and participate in the elections to spare Yemen from future conflicts.
– February 8, 2012: Clashes with the police in the central jail in Dhamar province leave 8 dead and many more injured.
– February 9, 2012: An attack by gunmen on the office of Supreme Commission for Elections in Dali’e governorate leaves two civilians dead and more than 10 injured.
– February10, 2012: Hundreds of thousands take to the streets in Sana’a and 14 other cities under the call of “Reaching the Goals of the Revolution Together.”
– February 11, 2012: In support of the Salafis, tribal men kill 19 Houthis in an ambush attack in the Haja governorate.
– February 12, 2012: Supreme Commission for Elections and Referendums spreads managing committees all over the different governorates. In addition, Saleh presents a speech calling for his supporters to participate in the presidential elections.
– February 14, 2012: A suicidal bomber blows himself up before the office of Supreme Commission for Elections and Referendums in Aden spurring Hadi to call off this round of elections in Aden.
– February 15, 2012: Armed Houthis break into the office of Islah Party in Sada’a governorate, and subsequently tearing down all photos of Hadi in the city and preventing anybody from hanging new ones.
– February 16, 2012: Chairman of the Supreme Commission for Elections and Referendums’ regional office, five people of the commission staff and a member of the Republican Guards ambushed by gunmen in the province of Al-Baidha’a governorate. Twenty others die in clashes between members of Southern Movement and supporters of elections in Mukalla city.
– February17, 2012: Hundreds of thousands of protestors gather in Sana’a and other main governorates in “Your Vote is a Gain for the Revolution” Friday and announce their support for Hadi.
– February 19, 2012: Ministers of Interior and Defense deploys over 103,000 of officers and soldiers with emphasis in the southern governorates to protect the election process.
– February 20, 2012: A soldier was killed and five were injured in an attack on the office of Chairman of the Supreme Commission for Elections and Referendums in the Khormaksar district of Aden leaves one solider dead and 5 others injured. Other citizens force the officials of election to leave their offices in the governorate.
– February 21, 2012: Yemen witnesses an unprecedented day in its history with the implementation of the presidential election. Unrest takes place in the southern governments as the Southern Movement tries to hinder the process of the election.
– February 24, 2012: Chairman of the Supreme Commission for Elections and Referendums’ regional office announces Hadi as the winner of the election with 6 million votes. Al-Qaeda attacks the presidential palace in Mukalla city resulting in the death of 25 soldiers.
– February 25, 2012: Abd Rabo Mansour Hadi swears in as president before the House of Representatives.
– February 26, 2012: Ali Saleh returns to Yemen after receiving treatment in the United States and organizes a banquet in his house at Sakhr Street.
– February 27, 2012: GPC organizes a symbolic ceremony for installing Hadi as the new president for Yemen and says farewell to Ali Saleh. The Secretary General of the GCC Abdullatif Al-Zayani attends the ceremony.