Political Analysis

Text of the Presidential Decree to restructure the Army

National Yemen

President Abdu Rabu Mansour Hadi

BY NY Staff

This past week, President Abd Rabbu Mansour Hadi, President and Supreme Commander of Yemen’s Armed Forces issued resolution number 104 for 2012 regarding the armed forces’ organizational structure. The text of the resolution read as follows:

“After reviewing the constitution of the Republic of Yemen and resolution 67 in regard to service in the armed forces, and in accordance with the GCC initiative and its timed mechanism, signed on 23-11-2011, and based on the suggestion of the committee arriving from the first military symposium – held on 11-13/11/2012 – and the restructuring team formed by the Ministry of Defense, we decided the following:

Article (1) The organizational structure of armed forces is composed of the following:

First: Power of authority in the following order:

1- President of the Republic of Yemen, Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces and head of the National Defense Council.

2- Minister of Defense.

3- Chief of General Staff Authority.

4- Vice Chief of General Staff Authority.

Second: Authority of political and military administration:

1- Ministry of Defense, as it is in charge of tasks concerned with the nation’s defense policy and tasks concerned with the armed forces’ strategic security; it will consist of:

  a- Minister of Defense.

  b- Specialized assistants to the minister and specialized sectors to be linked to each of the assistants.

2- General Staff Authority, as responsible for preparing, ensuring and administrating the armed forces’ affairs; it will include:

 a- Chief of General Staff Authority.

 b- One Vice Chief of General Staff Authority.

 c- Specialized sectors and each of the sectors, including sub-specialized departments.

Third: Major components of armed forces:

Land forces:

1- Situated in seven military locations and a number of operations axes according to the requirements of land administration.

2- To be composed of the following:

 a- Seven administrations for military zones  and a number of operational axes taking into account what serves the administration’s effectiveness and land control when organizing each of the axes. Organization should pave the way for reducing the central administration in the coming organization.

 b- Land Forces Brigades function in the framework of military zones and operational axes with quantitative and qualitative variances in accordance with the nature of the work location.

 c- Units of the same forces as a strategic reserve for the higher level, which specifies its place. Use of these units will be based on the defensive plan proposed by the Minister of Defense and General Staff Authority administration and approved by the Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces.

Navy and Coastal Defense Forces composed of the following:

1- Administration of the Navy and Coastal Defense, including tasks concerned with numbers, insurance, administration and the carrying out of tasks and facilitation of reducing the central administration in the later organization.

 2- Floating Navy units.

3- Coastal Defense units.

4- Navy Marine units.

5- Navy bases, whose numbers and functions are to be specified by the organizational structure of the navy and coastal defense units.

6- Any basic formations required by the theater of navy operations.

Air Force and defense consist of the following:

1- Administration of the Air Force and defense, including tasks concerned with preparing, ensuring, managing and controlling an organization that activates the mentioned tasks and eases the process for decentralizing administration in the later organization.

2- Aviation units.

3- Air defense Forces represented in Missile Brigades and a Radar Brigade.

4- Air bases whose number is to be determined by the organizational structure for the Air Forces and defense.

5- Any basic formations to be required by the Department of Air Operations.

Borders Troops composed of the following;

1- Administration of Border Guards, including tasks concerned with numbers, insurance, management and control in a way that activates these tasks and paves the way for further organizations.

2- Border Guard units.

Strategic Reserve:

1- Its locations will be determined by the Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces in accordance with the defense plan proposed by the Minister of Defense and Chairman of the General Staff Authority and in adherence to combat requirements.

2- Defense Ministry and General Staff Authority are to be in charge of preparing, securing, and managing the reserve’s affairs as part and parcel of the main components of the armed forces.

3- The reserve will be composed of the following units and its sub-structures and links as follows:

 a- Missile range to be structurally linked to the Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces.

 b- Presidential protection brigades which will be structurally linked to the Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces.

 c- Special operations to be considered a formation that will be linked structurally to the Ministry of Defense and General Staff Authority. It will be under the Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces and composed of the following:

 a- Administration of Special Operations.

 b- Special Forces.

 c- Anti-terrorism units.

 d- Mountain Infantry Brigade.

 e- Stun Brigade.

Article (2): This organization is effective for five years and reviewable whenever needed.

Article (3): Minister of Defense, Chairman of the General Staff Authority, restructuring team, and assistance to specialized teams from the academic and military department will work on the following:

1- Proposing the project of defense and military policy of the Republic of Yemen and the combat doctrine for the armed forces.

2- Drafting projects concerned with military law modifications in accordance with the new organization, and the studying of various laws and regulations, as well as their completion and issuance.

3- Developing and issuing a temporary regulations list for the duties of the main components in order to activate the restructuring procedures until a law is issued to organize the armed forces.

4- Opening detailed structures of the main components and preparing duties and tasks.

5- Drafting tables of human and material components and job descriptions for the human component for each structure.

6- Preparing a time-based plan for shifting to the new structure in accordance with a timetable that adheres to all the professional restructuring requirements. It must also include executive procedures to solve problems and meet with process expenses.

7- A reconsideration of the law to establish the national Higher Defense Council in accordance with the new organization.

Article (4): This decree is effective from the day of issuance and to be published in state-run newspapers and military news.

Issued to the Higher Command of the Armed Forces

19-December-2012

Martial/ Abd Rabbu Mansour Hadi

Republic President- Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces.”

Military sources have reported that a number of military decrees were issued by the Supreme Commander of the Armed and Security Forces Abd Rabbu Mansour Hadi. The decisions dismissed or renewed all leading positions in the air defense as follows:

–  Dismissal of the Commander of the 130th Air Defense Brigade in Hodeida, Brigadier Ahmed Al-Kharashi and replacement by Colonel Mohammed Al-Masqa’ae and Colonel Ahmed Shaje’e.

– Dismissal of Brigadier Yahiya Al-Royishan, Commander of the 190th Brigade in Hadhramout and replacement by Colonel Hussein Hussein, Colonel Ali Al-Sawadi, and the appointment of Colonel Nabeel Al-Hamdain.

– Transfer of Brigadier Mohammed Abdullah Al-Sa’ar, Commander of the 140th Brigade in Hamdan to the 160th Brigade in Salif.

–  Transfer of Brigadier Ali Hussein Al-Rawni, Commander of the 160th Brigade to the 140th Brigade and dismissal of Colonel Ahmed Abdulmalik Al-Olofi, Commander of the 140th Brigade and appointment of Colonel Ahmed Kamel Radman.

– Dismissal of  Colonel Qassim Al-Anesi, Commander of the 170th Brigade in Taiz and replacement by Colonel Abdullah Al-Haddad and appointment of Colonel Taleb Ali.

– Dismissal of Commander of the 110th Air Defense Brigade Brigadier Ali Saleh Al-Qeri and replacement by Brigadier Fath Al-Rahman Al-Du’ees. Also, the dismissal of Colonel Mohammed Al-Tam and replacement by Colonel Ahmed Fadhl.

– Dismissal of the Commander of the 120th Air Defense Brigade and replacement by Colonel Mohsen Mohamed Al-Khabbi.

– Dismissal of the Commander of the 22nd Radar Brigade Ahmed Zaid Al-Husam and replacement by Colonel Abdulmalik Sufian.