By: Fadhle Al-Manhouri
The Arab Spring brought Yemen to a really difficult point in its history. Now Yemen sits at a critical stage that Yemenis have been impatiently waiting for. This stage requires the political and social segments of Yemen to be fully prepared to create the needed strategies to ensure positive change takes place.
Amid these new events, the JMP has become a core part in Yemen’s political scene. Day by day, they strengthen their relationship with the Yemeni people and establish their principles in Yemeni life. The JMP has become reinvigorated with lessons from its past and are working to achieve Yemen’s true potential.
A recent report by the JMP, listed its political accomplishment and is summarized below:
The Youth Revolution:
The Youth Revolution erupted on January 15, 2011 after great efforts of the JMP to raise the awareness of the Yemeni people of what was needed to improve the country. The JMP met alongside people in many of the revolutionary squares through out Yemen and expressed two crucial demands: The removal of the current regime and the initiation of a new civil and modern country. As the revolution grew in strength, so did its impact on Yemeni society. Around 2000 people were killed, 30,000 injured, as youth squared off against armed thugs and military crackdowns. Through the persistent efforts of the youth, the revolution astonished the whole world.
In July 2011, the coalition held a meeting to establish a conference for the National Commission. During the conference, the members recommended that Mohammed Salem Basindowa become the chairman of the council. Also, they formed an executive committee in charge of running political processes during the transition period and allowed anyone to join the coalition.
The Operational Mechanism of the GCC Initiative:
After much resistance, Saleh agreed to sign the initiative due to the continuous pressure from the youth of revolution and members of the National Council of Revolution. The members of the council, including the JMP, made many international and regional visits to force Saleh sign the initiative. In the end, Saleh was forced and pressured by the international community threatening to freeze all his assets and forward him to the International Crimes Court.
Jamal Bin-Omar played one the most important roles in pushing Saleh to sign the initiative. He made multiple visits to Yemen to observe the general situation. By the fourth visit, Saleh finally resigned from his position.
Saleh signed the initiative in Ryiadh on November 23rd; thus, transferring power to his vice president.
The Government of National Reconciliation:
With the initiative signed, Abd Rabo Mansour Hadi became the president of Yemen and was charged with implementing all the initiatives requirements that would prepare to build a modern country. The operational mechanism of the initiative was to be implemented by the Government of National Reconciliation led by Prime Minister Mohammed Salem Basindowa. Basindowa formed a committee including Dr. Yaseen Saeed Nu’maan, Sakhr Al-Wajeeh, Abdulwahab Al-Anisi, and Houria Mashhoor to choose the qualified ministers based on their potential to succeed, not party affiliation.
Immunity and National Reconciliation Law:
Forming this law was the biggest dilemma facing the new government because the GPC demanded comprehensive immunity for Saleh and all those who worked with him. As the government refused their demands, Jamal Bin-Omar would only negotiate to formally approve the comprehensive immunity for Saleh. As for those who worked with Saleh, they would enjoy the law of immunity in the light of the National Reconciliation Law. With the approval of this law, Saleh formally left his position and the revolution achieved its first demand. However, people continued protesting for the remaining demands.
Core Duties of the JMP During the Transition Period:
The JMP is committed to seeing that the demands of the youth revolution are med and that the initiative is fully implemented. The JMP will also to work to maintain the stability and safety of the Yemeni society, provide the citizens with the basic needs and build a foundation for true development and stability. The current situations confronting Yemen need more perspectives so the country can move successfully into stage.
On the local level, the fifth consultative meeting for the JMP called the youth of revolution in the different squares to have more patience to accomplish the goals of the revolution. It also called the women to actively participate in the squares of change and freedom to achieve the goals of revolution alongside their brothers.
The JMP also demanded that the relatives of martyrs and injured were taken care of. This demand was translated into tangible actions when the prime minister announced that a monthly salary would be granted to each family with members who were martyred or injured.
The JMP also decided to create a new strategy that would support Yemen’s continuous development. The strategy will also enable the JMP to effectively take part in building the new modern and civil country. Furthermore, the strategy sent a call to the higher council of the JMP to build relations within the parties and have better communication with the branches in the other governorates.
In regard to the national dialogue, A JMP organized meeting demanded solving the southern issue in a way that satisfies southern people. According to the press release of the meeting, the solution must meet the aspirations of the southern people, return rights to their owners and ensure that nothing will be repeated in the future.
The meeting also discussed a number of issues on the security, economic, public services and national reconciliation. It called to establish stricter laws of human rights and fixing all the different issue of the Yemeni society. The issues included education, terrorism, security, the judiciary system, provision of basic services to people and the imbalances of the security and military system.
Finally, the meeting encouraged a strategy that suits the requirements of the coming stage that depends on a clear understanding of the principles of building a civil country. It confirmed the demands of youth of having a democratic country that depends on respecting human rights and differences.