By National Yemen
The number of Yemeni deportees from Saudi has reached 70 thousand in the first two months alone. These deportees are being returned to Yemen in a campaign launched by Saudi Arabia against Yemeni labors that could not or did not correct their residence situation. The coordinator of Tdafer campaign for saving and helping the deportees said that there is large number of deportees in border outlets between Yemen and Saudi Arabia in great need of healthcare and food.
These deportees are returning to Yemen at a time when the country is hosting a regional conference on asylum and immigration from the Horn of Africa. The UNHCR estimates more than half a million refugees and immigrants have crossed the Gulf of Aden or the Red Sea from East Africa to Yemen illegally since 2006. Of these half million, 107,000 of them came in 2012, and 62,000 people have been in Yemen since the beginning of this year until now.
Meanwhile, garbage is accumulating on Saudi Arabia’s streets, many stores are closed, and about one half of small Saudi construction companies have stopped their projects, after the departure of the foreign workers on whom many Saudi business desperately depend.
Saudis have said that dozens of stores such as bakeries, petrol stations, and cafes are closed, and that the prices of the services provided by the fitters, plumbers and technicians electricity have risen.
Violence began when immigrants from East Africa began protesting against this campaign in the narrow streets of the Manfouha neighborhood, where they threw stones, threatened people with knives and destroyed cars. Days later, police killed an Ethiopian man while it was chasing immigrants.
The irregular workers are from different nationalities, including Asians, Egyptians and Sudanese, in addition to expats from other Arab countries.
Hundreds of thousands of Yemeni expatriates lived in tension during the advertisements to implement these amendments in Saudi in March of last year. The amendments were as follows:
– It is not allowed for an employer to let his employee work with another employer, and it is not allowed for the employee to work with another employer, without applying the rules and the statutory procedures
– It is not allowed for the employer to leave his employee working as a self-employed person; it is also not allowed for the employee to work for himself as a self-employed person.
These items existed in the past but without official application, which encouraged some Yemenis to enter Saudi Arabia unofficially.
This led to the deportation of almost more than 200 thousand Yemeni expatriates from Saudi Arabia during the last six months. Because of the intervention of King Abdullah personally, these expatriates had no chance to correct their situations. Nevertheless, there still remain two to three million Yemenis officially residing in the Kingdom.