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2013: Numbers hard to be believed

Asma al-Mohattwari

There is a direct correlation between political decline and human suffering. Yemen is a perfect example. 2013 was a year in which Yemen lived through bloody conflicts, and wars raging in north and south, all in the absence of a national state with the consensus of its governed. Yemenis showed their fear of a continued state of lawlessness after a year with a high number of assassinations of politicians, military leaders and security. There were also high numbers of organized crime, al-Qaeda operations, kidnappings, infrastructure sabotage, drone strikes, and violence by security agencies that added to the insecurity.

In this year-ending issue, the National Yemen has highlighted some of the principal numbers that have affected this past year.

Security Incidents/ 2013

400 Assassinations

The approximate number of assassinated people from the army and security, government officials and politicians including 316 soldiers, 75 officers, 9 government officials and politicians. Terrorist attacks targeted them in different provinces around Yemen, the most being in Hadramout, Shabwa, al-Baydha, Sana’a and Abyan. Motorcycles were used in 22% of the attacks.

200 Explosions

Victims were killed in different terrorist bombings by using random explosive devices mostly in Sana’a. One of Yemen worst attacks was defense ministry explosion in the centre of Sana’a by al-Qaeda, killing at least 52 patients, doctors and citizens and wounding dozens more.

700 Killed by Drones

People suspected al-Qaeda were killed in 39 air strike carried out by U.S. drones in various areas of Yemen mostly in Abyan, al-Baydha, Shabwa, Marib, Jawf, Hadramout, amd Sana’a. The U.S. drones accessed 12 Yemeni provinces, up from three in 2012. The recent strike on December 12 that targeted a wedding ceremony in al- Baydha province and left 13 dead, and more than 20 injured, has caused widespread public outrage. Drones strikes begam in 2002, and the U.S. has carried out more than 65 strikes. The U.S. military has spent $60 million in order to carry out drones strikes in Yemen.

15 Kidnappings

Foreigners and Yemenis were kidnapped in different Yemeni cities by terrorist groups asking for ransom.  5 of them have been released and the other are still being held hostage.

Military plane crashes 2013

16 Civilians and pilots were killed by two military planes crash into a residential areas in Sana’a. Six houses and four cars were damaged. A commission distributed YR 59 million as compensation to the victims and property. In the eight years passed, Yemen has lost 28 military aircraft through crashes, while the Air Force has lost more than 18 pilots, and 23 crew during the same period.

Sectarian clashes

260 The approximate number of people killed in 2013 as a result of sectarian clashes in different places around Yemen and 123 People wounded. The clashes are ongoing.

 Sabotage

44 Electricity attacks in Marib

Attacks on electricity in 2013 in Marib, which are still continued as the government is ‘incapable’ of dealing with it. YR 4 billion are estimated to have been lost in electricity attacks losses, which additional impacts on workplace productivity. Power outage remains a daily obsession in citizens’ lives.  Official statistics estimate that families are spending more than billions of rials on candles. Methods for electricity attacks varied among bullets, missiles and explosive devices, and iron hits, or even to prevent the technical teams from repairing them.  The number of attacks has been 141 attack since 2010, including 59 attacks during the period from May 1, 2012 to March 15, 2013 in the province of Marib, and 13 attacks in Sana’a province during the same period.

Oil and Gas

51 Attack operations targeting the main oil and gas  pipeline in Marib basin and al-Masila basin, more than 3 billion US are the losses of the oil and gas pipelines sabotage in Yemen. Government revenues, generated from oil, decreased by approximately $66o million over the first nine months of  2013 in comparison with the same period last year. Before a spate of attacks which began in 2011, the 270-mile Marib pipeline carried around 110 000 barrels per day to Ras Isa.

880,291 Smuggling cases

 Different smuggled weapons pieces were cashed.

Business

Zero Business conference

Yemen has witnessed zero international business conferences  for the year 2013.

Civil Aviation Authority Strikes 

11 Major airports stopped working because of Yemeni workers in the Civil Aviation Authority Strike. 62 international flights were canceled because of the same strike. In 2013, 1 729 flights landed in Aden airport. The last project in Aden airport by the Yemeni government was a new airport fence that cost YR 184 353 998.

Aden Port Strike

3 companies of the shipping lines decided to transfer their navigational lines from Aden port to the port of Djibouti and some neighboring ports because of labor strikes in Aden port, which caused the closure of the container terminal in the port of Aden for more than ten days.

$507 million is the cost of Aden port project implemented by China. Yemen and China have signed an agreement to develop Aden port. The Aden port projects will employee 100 workers. In 2013 Aden port received 377 Ships.

2 ships were delinquent in Mukalla coast. One of the ships called Champion was loaded with 4,500 tons of fuel oil, and stalled because of a technical malfunction in the machine disrupting ship movement.

7 008 000 000 is the amount of the Yemen’s foreign debt said the Central Bank of Yemen.

Politics

For the first time in the history of Yemen NDC

National Dialogue Conference started its first on March 18, 2013. The political parties participating in the Yemeni National Dialogue Conference (NDC) are continuing their discussions to resolve their outstanding issues more than two months past the deadline. This is happening amidst fear expressed by statements by the Security Council, the UN secretary general and the ambassadors of the countries overseeing the transition process in Sana’a, and amid security and economic challenges as well as political differences. The NDC include 565 members who were divided to nine groups to discuss various issues: the Southern Issue, Sa‘ada issue, issues with a national dimension, National Reconciliation and Transitional Justice, state building (the principles and foundations of the constitution), good governance, the foundations for building, the role of the army and security organizations, the independence of special entities, and rights and freedoms.

The period of NDC experienced many terrorist attacks in around Yemen. The last two terrorist attacks were the assassination of Dr. Abdul Karim Jedban, member of the Yemeni parliament and a member of the National Dialogue representing the Houthi group, and the NDC member judges Abdul Jalil Numan and his wife who were killed in the Ministry of Defense bombing. Also two NDC members Ahmed Saleh al-Gana and Hamza al-Kamali were kidnapped during their way to the NDC.  In addition, there have been 3 attempts to assassinate NDC members.

17 political parties

 have signed a document pledging a “just solution” that would grant some autonomy to the once-independent south. The agreement was hailed as a breakthrough in a long-stalled national dialogue between political parties and the government aimed at drafting a new constitution for Yemen and preparing for elections in February. The issue of the south has been a major stumbling block, and hard-line southern secessionist factions have boycotted the talks. The document, signed by representatives of 17 political parties and civil society groups, pledged to resolve the issue of the south “on the basis of federalism.” A committee formed by President Abdu Rabbu Mansour Hadi will now choose between forming two regions, north and south, or six, two in the south and four in the north.

UN Council in Yemen for the first time  

Council members visited Sana’a in January 2013 to discuss the situation in Yemen.  2013, United Nations has been facilitating Yemen’s political transition. UN Special Advisor Jamal Benomar assumed to play a good offices role on behalf of the Secretary-General, helping to pave the way for a peaceful transition that responded to Yemenis’ aspirations for democratic change.

The Security Council has been closely monitoring the situation in Yemen. Resolution 2014 called for a political settlement and requested the Secretary-General to continue his good offices.  Resolution 2051 reaffirmed the need for the full and timely implementation of the Gulf-brokered Transition Agreement.

Benomer has been travelling frequently to Yemen, leading the UN’s efforts on the ground.  In addition, he established an office in Sana’a in mid-2012 to provide substantive support through political facilitation, technical assistance and outreach initiatives.

International Delegations Like never before

In 2013, Yemen witnessed intense diplomatic activities to attract international support in carrying out the functions of the transitional phase, both in security and stability.  Several meetings held with the ambassadors and international delegations to discuss the situation in Yemen and help in supporting and finding solutions.

10 visits that president Abed Rabbu Mansour Hadi has paid to 9 different local and international places. Internationally, Hadi left Yemen for China, America, Qatar, Doha and Saudi Arabia. Locally, he went to Aden, Hodeida, Taiz and Abian and Socotra. The aims of his visits varied between discussing the transition period, solving problems, conferences, and discussing historic and political relations.

7 decisions to change 7 governors of 7 provinces.

Humanitarians

12 000 000 poverty

Yemeni people are suffering from poverty.

306 964 IDPS

The total number of Internally Displaced Persons in Yemen reached over 306 964   because of the armed conflicts in the different part of the country.

411 061 Refugees

Refugees in Yemen from different countries: Somalia, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Syria and Iraq.

52 568 natural disasters

43 People dead due to heavy rains and floods and 52 568 affected due to heavy rains and floods over the year 2013.

270 000 migrants

Yemeni workers deported from Saudi Arabia to Yemen reached 270 000 in the last few months.

13.1 million People cannot reach clean water.

10 million  People suffering from food insecurity.

1 0,60 000 face malnutrition

 Children under 5 suffering from acute malnutrition in Yemen according to the international  NGOs reports.

6.4 million People  do not receive health care in Yemen

 

$9 565 921 ERF

Total cost of 33 Emergency Response Fund (ERF) projects that have been approved and funded from January to November 2013.

G10 Donors

The 10 major donors to Yemen are: GCC countries, United States, European Union, UK, Japan, Canada, Turkey, international organizations and recently Indian joined the friends of Yemen, World Bank and International Monetary Fund. 86% of donor pledges earmarked for development projects. $3 billion is the total amount of donations to Yemen.

227 954 IDPS returned to their homes

227 954 Internally Displaced Persons have returned to their homes, 15 Schools have been renovated and work on 3 more is nearly completed after clashes, 10 000 Children in the southern governorate are back in classes, 25 264 People were helped because of heavy rains, 8 000 People tested by National AIDS Control Program (NACP) campaign against HIV/AIDS in Yemen for the virus in five Yemeni governorates.

1385 Initiatives

120 Yemeni Youth Initiatives in attempts to help Yemeni young people. 51 NGOs presented in Yemen. 1 265 is the number of the Yemeni workers in the NGOs. NGOs in Yemen work in different fields like education, health, civil clashes and humanitarian fields. But still the rates of development in Yemen is terrible, as 64% of Yemeni children are not attending school and 71% of rural girls are still out of school, 52% is the rate of unemployment among young people.