Political Analysis

Most Prominent Dates in 2013


Asma Al-Mohattwari
As part of a variety of news harvest, we are summing up the second half of the most important incidents over the past year. Chock-full of difficulties where every group, party and division demanded change and rights, bringing about a country living in insecurity. This week’s report we focused on President Hadi’s international and local visits; with his regular attempts to save the country. More details are given to identify the southern Hirak movement, Al-Qaeda and the sectarian clashes among the Houthis and the Salfies. The statistics given in the report are here to provide our readers with an extensive insight to enrich their knowledge along the following:

President Hadi on Focus:

Throughout the past year, the Yemeni President Abdu Rabbu Mansour Hadi made numerous visits abroad in his pursuit to salvage Yemen.

February 24, Hadi arrived to Aden International Airport in a sudden and unannounced visit after violence escalated when a few political parties insisted to hold the February 21st anniversary celebration in Aden. President Hadi discussed the deteriorating security situation in Aden where he met with Mohammad Ali Ahmed, the former head of the south’s controversy of the National Dialogue Conference (NDC) in which he convinced Mohammed to join the NDC.

March 26, Yemeni delegation lead by President Hadi flied to al-Doha and participated in the annual 24th Arab summit conference. During the summit President Hadi stated that “Yemeni’s would surprise the world with a unique model and change through the NDC experience to build a modern civil state where all Yemeni’s can appreciate the joy of equal citizenship, freedom, and justice”.

April 2, President Hadi flew to Moscow to meet with the Russian Federation President, Vladimir Putin to discuss the pace of developments of the Yemeni Russian relations which were rooted for more than four decades. Putin reiterated Russia’s readiness to make efforts to support the developing economy in Yemen; affirming Russia’s support for the security, stability and unity of Yemen. President Hadi has reviewed the major challenges struck by Yemen in the economical, political, and security aspects, stressing that stability in Yemen would serve the entire region.

July 29, President Hadi arrived to Andros military base in Washington under an official visit from the U.S. President Barack Obama. The consultation session was held with President Obama at the White House where President Hadi met with numerous international ministers, members of Congress and senior U.S. officials.

August 3, President Hadi met with King Abdullah bin Abdul Aziz in Saudi Arabia in which they discussed a number of issues such as the Yemeni labor working force in Saudi Arabia.

November 13, President Hadi visited China to meet with the Chinese President Xi Jinping to discuss ideas of what is to come of Yemen. Hadi described his visit to China as “a successful one”; he signed economic agreements, including the right to establish electric power generator stations with the capacity of about five thousand megawatts. In addition to the Aden port project that cost 508 million dollars, they have developed and modernized both Aden and Taiz airports with other projects related to the improvement in various aspects.

Presidential Decrees:

January 8, presidential decree to establish and format two committees to address the issues at hand were excluded from their jobs in the civil, military and security fields in the southern provinces.

February 7, Hadi declares on the 18th of March, Friday the dignity massacre anniversary, the date to start the national dialogue conference.

April 10, President Hadi issued important military decisions, including the announcement of the seven leaders of the military areas releasing Ahmed Ali Saleh and Ali Mohsen al-Ahmar of their positions.

April 10, Hadi announced the transformation of the First Armored Division into a public park called “21 March Park” marking the day of Ali Mohsen joining the popular revolution. The project aimed to implement a typical garden on the selected area about 2,200,000 square meters. Unfortunately, since the dispute of that decision nothing was achieved in that park.

September 11, A presidential decree was announced to establish a fund for the care of martyrs families and the wounded individuals from the February 11th revolution, including both Hirak and Houthies.

October 15, Hadi declares Socotra Island in his belief the most charming island in the World and in Yemen as an independent province. Socotra is a Yemeni archipelago consisting of four islands which sits in the Indian Ocean off the coast of the Horn of Africa, 350 km south of the Arabian Peninsula. The long isolation of the Island from Africa and the Arabian Peninsula has granted the island an incredibly unique level of biological settlement on the island, and has similarly shaped a unique social structure of the island’s human population. Socotra Island is characterized by a wide cover of vegetation; the island enjoys over 750 distinct plant species. Some of these plants are used in folk medicine and in the treatment of many diseases. Socotra’s bird species are also highly distinct, and they serve as one of the hallmarks of the island’s diversity.

October 13, The issuance of a republican decree to establish a fund to help the victims of human rights violations and address the situation of the war in 1994 and the seven wars of Sa’ada and tack their wounded and martyrs.

Hirak Peaceful & Armed Ones:

By 2013, the southern Hirak became a movement that no one can overlook. It was a simple movement with the leadership of two main figures Ali Al-Beidh and Hassan Ba’oum. Ali Salim Al-Beidh is the main leader of Hirak residing outside of Yemen; Hassan Ba’oum, Mohammed Ali Ahmed, and Nasser Al-Noubah are the main figures supporting the Hirak from within the country.

January 13, Hirak inaugurated the reconciliation and tolerance Festival in Aden.

February 21, GPC and Islah parties held a Festival in Aden to celebrate the first anniversary of Hadi’s role as president. Dozens were killed as clashes took over between the security and Hirak.

February 24, Clashes in Aden and Mukalla between protestors and security forces resulting in the Islah headquarters being burned in some of the southern cities.

April 17, Ahmed al-Srima the deputy head of the National Dialogue announced his withdrawal from the NDC demanding for personal and the south’s right of separation.

April 27, Ali Mohsen apologized to the southerners in the memory of the declaration of 1994 war with a complete fail. Southern activists refused his apology, considering him the reason and the man in charge of the war against the south.

July 8, President Hadi directed the government to implement the twenty points in the Gulf initiative and the eleven points relating to the southern case in the national dialogue conference.

August 21, Yemeni government formally apologized to the south for the 1994 war, and to Sa’ada for the violence against it.

September 1, Officers and members of the southern military reviewed an event to celebrate the 42nd anniversary of the founding southern army in the Freedom Square Khormaksar, Aden.

October 12, Marked the 50th anniversary of the southerners Golden Jubilee of the 14th of October revolution.

December 2, Sheikh bin Habrash and five tribesman were killed in clashes when the Sheikh’s bodyguards refused to surrender their weapons at a checkpoint, leading to a conflict in which two soldiers were killed. These deaths created a new movement in the south called al-Haba al-Sha’abiah (The awaking movement)

December 10, Tribes of Hadramaut met in a response to the killing of Habrash and decided to make a popular rebellion in cities across Hadramaut.

December 20, They began a popular rebellion and cut off all means of communication, including the internet in all the southern provinces with the fall of the military points.

December 27, Political components in the NDC signed a document of solutions and agreements of the southern issue.

Houthis in a Year:

January 1, Five years later after his death the body for the founder of the Houthis movement, Hussein Bader Aldine Al-Houthi, was released by the Yemeni defense ministry.

July 5, The funeral of Hussein Bader Aldine Al-Houthi, after receiving the corpse, Houthis conducted two DNA tests, one in Lebanon on January 15th, 2013 with one of his sons and another in Germany on March 1st, 2013 with a close relative. The results were entirely identical and with that said he was buried in Maran village on September 10th, 2004.

July 9, Houthi’s march to the national security headquarters in Sana’a which ended with direct clashes and resulted with the killing of dozens of protestors, with ten’s of protestors left wounded and in critical condition.

August 20, Houthi’s dominated the Sheikh Abdullah Bin Hussein al-Ahmar House in al- Osaimat.

Assassination Attempts:

August 31, Prime Minister Basendwah survived an assassination attempt near his residence.

December 8, Yassin Noman exposed to the attempted assassination by a silencer gunman.

August 2, Republican guard soldiers tried to storm the president’s house in Sana’a ending in the killing of soldiers from the presidential guard.

Releases

 January 23, The release of the first but not the last forcibly hidden man after 30 years of detention.

May 23, Saudi authorities released Sheikh Mustafa Al-Ammari after 13 years of imprisonment.

July 6, The release of 17 detainees from the youth revolution that were apprehended in the central prison in Sana’a two years ago.

July 23, The Yemeni government released Yemeni journalist Abdullah Haider Shae’a after holding him in confinement for over three years.

December 10, Al-Qaeda released the Dutch journalist, Judith Spiegel and her husband.

Saudi Arabia Involvement  

March 18, Saudi Arabia began constructing a wall on its border between Yemen and Saudi to separate the two countries from the uprising conflicts. The Yemeni authorities made no interference to stop the Saudi authorities.

April 1, Saudi Arabia continued to migrate thousands of Yemenis back home.

April 15, Deputy Saudi consul kidnapped in Yemen appeared criticizing his government ignorance against the Yemeni’s.

May 22, Saudi Arabia executes five Yemenis accused of forming a gang and punishes their corpse’s by having them hanged on cranes as a sign of fear for anyone who would think to do the same. Although on October 12 Yemen received a women named Huda from Saudi Arabia, who ran away to have the right to marry the love of her life, a Yemeni man named Arafat.

 

Telecommunication Cables and Network:

More than 2 billion Losses incurred by the PTC as a result of sabotage attacks on copper cables in different areas with Yemen cities such as Marib, Jawf, Hadramout, Shabwa, Abyan, Aden. The attacks have caused the network to exit from the National Telecommunications Service phone and Internet.

Education Sector:

In January, Protests and sit-ins organized by Yemeni students abroad are spreading to countries around the world, including Algeria, Malaysia, India, Germany, Egypt, Sudan, Russia and Lebanon. Students are protesting the amount of financial aid they are given by demonstrating in front of the Yemeni Embassy buildings on their campuses. The Cultural attachés are tasked with the students’ well-being. Some of the buildings have been shut down by demonstrations. Needing a more dramatic reaction, students have even threatened to go on hunger strike until their demands are met.

November 22, School teachers spawned a strike to demand their dues and benefits.

September 25, Sana’a University students demonstrated in front of the university gate to condemn the charges raised of the parallel department.

November 24, The student demonstrators raised slogans demanding the departure of Sana’a University presidency, who they accused with the failure and lack of skills it takes to lead a university to greatness.

October 29, The Minister of State and member of the Council of Ministers Hassan Sharafaddin has resigned from his post in view of the government’s failure to honor its responsibility towards the nation.

September 9, For the first time in Yemen history the International Yemen championship for Arab Boxing took place here in Yemen.

December 11, TEDx Conference in Aden was kicked off.

May 3, Yemeni programmer lunched the first social and local network in Asia and the Arab region called Adole.

August 18, Yemen announced the rehabilitation of 18 international oil companies to win eligibility for oil exploration in 18 oil blocks.

January 9, An unreliable announcement and news put Yemen on the oil map as one of the largest oil reserves owned.

August 4, The U.S. embassy in Sana’a and ten more embassies shut down as a result of security threats.

July 7, The stop on the navigational motion in Al-Ryan Airport after the storming of fighting terrorism soldiers.

October 18, The theft of manuscripts and rare swords from the National Museum in Sana’a were aimed to smuggled outside of the country.

October 28, Yemeni mass wedding joins the Guinness Book of World Records with the largest amount of marriage ceremonies taken in one place with a total of 4 thousand grooms.

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