The representative of Yemen, Jamal Abdullah Alsalal, signed at the UN headquarters in New York on Yemen’s accession protocol to eliminate illicit trade in tobacco products.
Thereby the Republic of Yemen state becomes one of the 48 countries that signed this protocol thus far.
The protocol aims to eliminate the illicit trade in tobacco products by adjusting the supply chain and bind the signatory states to establish a global system of trading and tracking to limit illicit trafficking, whether illicit production or smuggling of tobacco products and to ensure the elimination at the end.
The protocol provides a legal instrument for the world to combat the evolving international criminal activity of the illicit trade in tobacco products in order to eliminate it and reduce the large losses resulting from tobacco smuggling, and to avoid the damage inflicted to health.
The protocol was adopted to eliminate illicit trade in tobacco products during the fifth session of the Conference of the Parties (COP) held in Seoul, Republic of Korea on November 12, 2012 , the First Protocol to the Convention on the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control is an international treaty in itself.
According to the World Health Organization, 20,000 Yemeni get cancer every year in different parts of Yemen and is responsible for 60% of the deaths from an average of 12,000 deaths a year due to cancer caused by smoking.
In Yemen the percentage of smokers in general is 65%, including 37% male, 13% females and nearly 25% teenagers between the ages of 16 and 24.
According to the new official studies that the percentage of smokers in Yemen is one of the highest in the world, where Yemenis spend 3.21 billion Yemeni Riyals in the purchase of tobacco, and they smoke 4. 6 billion cigarettes a year, equivalent to 5. 317 million packs of cigarettes of which 870 thousand packs a day. According to the results of the study conducted by the national program to combat smoking;, there are 4. 3 million smokers in all of the provinces, including 29 percent in the age group between 17 and 24 years, also increasing the area where tobacco is planted to almost double of what it was the previous year.
The most prominent governorates that plant tobacco in Yemen are Hadhramout ,Lahj and Abian.