By NY Staff
A large number of Yemenis are pessimistic about their chances in the labor market. Square Youth Yemen has released the result of a questionnaire, in which 44% of those sampled said that they believe opportunities are weak or very weak, with 28% at a medium, and only 21% positive.
The questionnaire surveyed 1913 people between the ages of 14 and 54. The respondents were 73% male, and 27% female. Young men between 14 and 24 were much more optimistic about their job prospects than older Yemenis. It also found that most people believe that social networks are crucial for getting jobs. This isn’t surprising, since friends and family are a resource anywhere.
69% of the youth surveyed prefer to get a job in Yemen, while only 31% would prefer to work outside the country. For those who prefer to work in Yemen, 63% chose urban areas, while only 34% would prefer the countryside. About half said they would prefer to work in the public sector, while a quarter said they would prefer private enterprise and family businesses.
Interestingly, women said that they would prefer jobs in the police and military in higher percentages than men. Broadly, people’s desire to do this was affected by how they feel about their opportunities working in family businesses and the private sector.
Monthly salaries were more attractive to men than women, with 71% and 61% respectively listing it as a primary consideration. 55% of women considered the atmosphere to be very important, versus 43% of men.
Additionally, the questionnaire revealed that two of every five people depend on advertisements to explore the labor market, and search for jobs. However, younger people actually look for jobs in this way less than older Yemenis. It could be that the method is just old-fashioned.
However, crucially, geography was said to play a key role in how someone gets a job. Broadly, tribal ties were considered less important. Personal relationships and social networks apart from tribes were said to be more important in Sana’a, and less important in the port cities of Hodeida and Aden. Aden has many respondents who said that advertising is more important, and who maintained that it is more important there than in many other regions.