The lack of political and security stability in Yemen hampers development work, Amat al-Alim Alsoswa, executive director of the Executive Bureau for the Acceleration of Aid Absorption and Implementation of the Mutual Accountability Framework (SEBAA), said in an interview with Al-Hayat.
She also noted that in light of its current capacities and conditions and the significant challenges it’s facing, the government will be unable to achieve the desired development needed to reduce unemployment and poverty and to address the challenges related to chronic malnutrition and food security.
“Development requires first and foremost an acceptable level of necessary political and security stability that creates a stable economic and investment-related environment contributing to the mobilization of efforts of the government’s partners from the private sector, civil society and donors, as well as the government development efforts to reach acceptable development outcomes felt by the citizen and reflected in the improved standard of living,” she said. “The citizen is also responsible for supporting the government’s efforts in terms of security and stability; his role is no less important than that of the other partners.”
Regarding her assessment of the level of implementation of the mutual accountability framework between Yemen and donors, and the criticism to both the government and the donors, Alsoswa said, “The overall situation in Yemen led to the slow implementation of a common framework for mutual accountability. The security constraints and the high level of fiscal deficit, which resulted in a significant shortage of oil derivatives and an increasing power outage during the second quarter of the year, are factors that delayed this implementation.”
She added, “A slow progress has been registered during the second quarter of the year in terms of the policies and reforms contained in the mutual accountability and aid absorption framework. However, the significant slowdown, especially the withdrawal of pledges due to challenges such as the fragile security situation, led to the reduction of the number of employees in many foreign diplomatic missions and development organizations, while some of them even closed their doors more than once in recent months.”
Alsoswa continued, “We have seen three main developments during the second quarter of the year, the first is the new structure of the Friends of Yemen Group, the second is the board of directors’ meeting of SEBAA in May 2014, and the third is the second follow-up meeting between the government and donors on June 23, 2014.