Political Analysis

Houthi Power Expands Under Government and Regional Silence

National Yemen

By NY staff

After the Houthi militias took control Amran and Sa’ada, many people predicted that the Houthis would head to Sana’a to control it also. After increasing the prices of the oil derivatives on the third day of Eid al-Fitr, Houthis from Amran and Sa’ada came to Sana’a under the pretext of reducing prices, bringing down the corrupt government and implementing of the outputs of the National Dialogue Conference. They entered Sana’a easily without facing any objection from the government or the regional community.

The Houthis stayed about a month holding protests, spreading everywhere in Sana’a, and demanding to implement their requests, Then they started their attack on some specific places such as the home of Gen. Ali Mohsen Ahmar, the houses and properties of Sheikh Hamid al-Ahmar, Al-Eman university, and some houses of people belonging to the Reform Party.

The Houthis’ actions forced the government to implement two of their demands: reducing the price of oil in a simple percentage, and forming a new government with Prime Minister Khalid Bahah.

Recently, Houthi militias expand in different provinces like Hodeida and Ibb where clashes between the people of Ibb and Houthi militias led to the death of many people.

Under the silence of the government and regional community, many questions impose themselves, such as to how far will Houthi expansion in Yemen reach? Does the government stand beside them? Who supports them? In this report, people gave their opinions about this situation.

Political Analyst, Salah Abdul Karim:

“Today there is a conspiracy which allows Houthis to control the rest of Yemeni provinces under the slogan “fight Al-Qaeda” and the signing of two agreements: the Peace and Reconciliation agreement and the security attaché aim to make the work easier for the Houthis.

“The second agreement is to make the way open for the Houthis to control more provinces of Yemen and their excuse is to spread security and the fight against al-Qaeda based on the eighth item in the “security attaché” which stated the following: The state is committed to the protection of citizens in the province of al-Baydha of al Qaeda threat, provide them support and stand to their side in the face of the risk of al-Qaeda and terrorism.

“In order to facilitate the work of the Houthis the state will act in support of the citizens to fight al Qaeda and it is known that the Houthis at the present time are the ones who received the support for this process and opened the way for the Houthis to enter the provinces , which was blessed by regional and international powers.”

Writer Saad Abdualqader:

“Perhaps the regional dimension is the most dangerous dimension of the Yemeni crisis, in particular that Yemen has gone out of the local scope to become a regional issue. This is what explains the nature of the Houthi deal and both the political and security situation, and is for the benefit of the Iranian decision with the implementation of an external and regional scheme, at the expense of the national interest in Yemen. Then the interference between the two sectarian and regional dimensions will work on reinstating the Imamate role, and enable them politically and thus work to ignite sectarian tensions between Sunnis and Shiites as part of the liquidation of regional accounts.

“Regional developments indicate a continuity of sectarian factors, incitement to clash and the exclusion of others which will put Yemen war with no end.”

Political Analyst, Abudalnasser al-Moada:

“On September 21, the Houthi movement controlled the most vital centers in the Yemeni capital Sana’a after battles with some limited military units calculated on the military-backed political and tribal forces. Although the movement has become the dominant player on Sana’a, they are still very far from the rule of Yemen because of subjective and objective barriers that prevent Houthis from the rule of Yemen, or even dominate the political life as a case of Hezbollah in Lebanon.

“The main obstacle is due to the nature of the movement, the circumstances of its inception and their political history which symbolizes it. Though meditate in its nature we find a fundamentalist religious movement based on the idea of reviving the Zaidi sect (a Shiite sects), and the use of force, or the threat of force. This characteristic makes it, according to political science, more like totalitarian movements that make them not accept pluralism or work under a democratic system.

“The nature of the movement is a source of strength and weakness at the same time. The source of power comes through the central leadership, stringent regulation, and military infrastructure, the intensity of loyalty. These qualities give the movement comparative advantages compared to other Yemeni actors in the scene. The source of the weakness of the movement is the limited actual or potential followers, and the totalitarian character that creates enemies against them and whenever it gets greater strength it provokes more opponents inside and outside Yemen.”

Mohamed Nasser Al-Bukhaiti, member of the political council of Ansar Allah

“The project of Huthis was clear from the beginning, which is to correct the political process from the imbalances that were imposed from abroad.

“Unfortunately, Yemen has followed a political process which created the worst government in Yemen’s history. After a revolution that led to the death of many people, a new government was formed by the support of outside to protect corruption and exclude main parties such as Ansar Allah and the southern movement and the youth of the revolution.”

Al-Bukhaiti confirmed that whoever has the power in Sana’a controls the political decisions. However, Ansar Allah doesn’t use this language. They work to emphasize the peace agreement and national partnership in the coming government on order to address administrative corruption and humanitarian issues, not to monopolize political decision.

Mohammed Abdul Salam, Spokesman for the Huthis

“All statements about the support of some regional states for Huthis in order to have a revolution against the current system are unacceptable. We didn’t implement the instructions of any state. The Reform Party sinned when it practiced an exclusion system for a long time and controlled the majority of the state’s institutions.”

Salam added that the strong presence in the current political scene in Yemen is not Iran, but there are other countries with a strong presence like the Gulf Initiative by sponsored of ten well-known countries.