By Tamjid Alkohali
Yemen was known with its deep history and the diversity of archaeological sites. One of these archaeological sites is Habb Fort. The Habb fort is located on the top of Ba,adan’s high mountains, the directorates of the Ibb governorate which lie to the east of Ba,adan.
It rises 3200 meters above sea level so the region is characterized by mild weather all the year round, with heavy rain accompanied by a refreshing chill in the air and fogs over the highlands as well as it surrounded by wide area of green valleys and beautiful villages covered with trees and ripe fruits.
Besides the strategic geographical location, the Habb fort is considered one of the most important historical monuments in the Islamic era and a symbol of national resistance against the foreign invaders in the history of modern Yemen, it also one of the most famous and impregnable forts in the country with steep sides that are impossible to climb.
According to the Historian, Mohammed bin Ali al-Akwa, This fort is full of monuments, and was the seat of the Himiari chief Yareem Bin Tho Raidan who was later buried in the fort . “It was taken by the king al-Muzafar Youssef Bin Omer Bin Ali Rasul in (648 A.H./1250), after the death of his father, and used as a base to launch attacks to capture the mountainous areas.” He added.
Regarding to the building of the fort, the fort contains of a huge wall in the East and South, while the North and West there is a Natural wall from the high-rise rocks and one door leads to the courtyard of the fort, which includes a number of facilities such as, a pool, water tank, granary, and a small mosque.
Habb in Arabic means grain, so according to some sources, it’s called Habb fort because it included about seven big and deep walls of grain.
As a result of the historical importance of Habb fort and other archaeological sites in Ibb governorate , thousands of tourists were visiting it annually. However, because of the deterioration of tourism as a result of insecurity all archaeological sites became free of tourists either from abroad or inside the homeland.
Ibb has a lengthy history and traces of ancient civilization. The governorate is located in the central part of the Republic of Yemen, separated from Sana’a by 193 kilometers. The province’s 5,552 square kilometer area is divided into 20 directorates, including a province called “Green Brigade” for its luxuriant foliage. Ibb is home to approximately 10.8% of Yemen’s population, and agriculture serves as its main industry.
While Ibb holds little political importance today, Ibb has been home to some of the most significant historical events in Yemen. Many of its states and kingdoms stretched back far into antiquity, and ancient forts can be found on many of its mountain peaks.
Everything in this governorate embodies beauty. It is almost like a living image embracing the mountain ranges, an impression that is reinforced at night when the villages begin to twinkle in the hilltops, almost like they are chatting with the stars.