Political Analysis

Houthis Rejects the New Constitution and the Six Regions distribution plan


On December 26th, the Houthis officially announced their refusal of the formation of the next federal state in Yemen which they think it will divide Yemen into six regions. The Houthis also warned of any attempt to circumvent the Peace and Partnership Agreement.

In statement issued by the Houthis, they said that any step, decision or appointment has to be subjected to the contents and the determinants of the Peace and Partnership Agreement, mostly the first and sixth items that confirm the necessity of achieving the agreement in all state organs and institutions to ensure equitable representation of all political forces and components.

The Houthis refused all acts of disruption including the disclaimer of achieving national partnership, fight the sources of corruption, the delay in correcting the imbalances related to the national authority and the expansion of the Shura Council. They pointed out that there are some parties trying to impose the six regions option in a clear coup process on the tenth item of the agreement.

Ali al-Qahom, one of the Houthi leaders, said that the tenth item of the agreement stated that the National Commission is working to address the form of the state; also the National Dialogue Conference outputs provided a federal state. “When they approved it as six regions, we consider the division was politically prepared in advance and asked fora committee to re-divide the state. That was our demand and we still insist upon, and the federal option still exists as based on national dialogue conference outputs,” he added.

Al-Qahom added that the law and not the Constitution determines the subject of the federal state in terms of the number and boundaries, but the Constitution Drafting Committee wants to include a number of regions in the Constitution.”If there was an insistence on six regions, we are staying with our rejection.”

A source in the committee announced that the committee would complete its review and approve the draft of the new constitution by next Monday and that the committee will return from the United Arab Emirates to Sana’a on Tuesday to deliver a draft to the national body of monitoring the implementation of the National Dialogue outcomes to discuss and take notes on them.

On the other hand, on December 25th Houthis kidnapped the head of Political Security Organization (PSO) in Sana’a, Gen. Yahiya al-Marrani from his home and took him to an unknown place. Information said that about twenty armed men broke into the home of al-Marrani.

The al-Marrani abduction came a day after al-Houthi attacked of Occidental Oil company headquarters in Sana’a, where they detained members of the guard and a number of drivers and security personnel, including the company’s security officer; also they looted  cars including four armored vehicles.

In addition, the General Authority of Civil Aviation and Meteorology staff refused to allow Nabil al-Faqih, the new appointed chairman, to enter the body’s headquarters in Sana’a.

The body’s staff declared a strike and protest in front of the headquarters of the Authority, demanding the re-appointment of chairman Hamid Faraj.

Sources in the body said that Houthi gunmen seized and controlled the Authority’s headquarters in Sana’a, expressing their rejection of the decision to dismiss Faraj.