Yemeni President Abd Rabbuh Mansur Hadi, said this past Wednesday that transferring Yemen to a federal system bears economic considerations, most importantly breaking up the exclusivity of power and also the equitable distribution of the resources present in the country.
He also clarified after receiving the first draft of the Federal Yemen constitution that federalism will transform Yemen from a poor country into a rich one. “I believe that Yemen will have an affluent future due to its rich resources as well as the applying of good governance principles and the equitable distribution of its resources along with the real partnership in authority,” he added. Hadi, considered federalism an effective treatment for power exclusivity and a way out of the economic crisis that Yemen is currently facing.
According to economic analysts, transferring Yemen to federalism requires a 31 billion dollar budget. This budget is needed for carrying out the National Dialogue outcomes and for transferring to the provincial system. Gulf countries have stipulated forming committees for the purpose of preparing a feasibility study for the required expenses based on the requirements presented from Yemen. According to governmental sources, the GCC will form a technical office for revising the required amounts and the studies submitted by Yemen concerning this field.
Salah Al-Maqtari, Economics Professor at Sana’a University, said that federalism is the way to a partnership of power, wealth, development and constructing a powerful country that will be supported by the provinces. He also said to Al-Arabi Al-Jadeed that transferring the country to federalism will help to redistribute resources among the parties as well as the provinces, instead of it being clustered in the center.
The control of the Houthis to capital Sana’a and the country’s institutions since the 21st of September is considered the greatest obstacle faced by the Yemeni government in the process of transferring to federalism. The Houthis have announced their disapproval of the new distribution of Yemen into six provinces. They are claiming that this project is just a way to break Yemen’s unity. In reference to some Houthi leaders, the reason behind the refusal is that it works to split Yemen into poor and rich.