By NY Staff
On January 16th, the Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation announced plans to increase Yemen’s productivity of coffee to 50,000 tons during the next five years.
The Ministry confirmed that it has adopted a package of programs and executive plans to revitalize the cultivation of this national product and important economic resource, which has been neglected in some growing areas.
Al-Mutawakel said that the Ministry carried out two important agricultural programs focusing on the deployment of new technologies and techniques for coffee cultivation along with modern irrigation networks, as well as implementing modern fields for the rehabilitation of old trees in coffee-growing areas.
According to official agricultural statistics, Yemen’s productivity of coffee in 2013 reached 19,984 tons from a cultivated area of over 35,000 hectares compared to the 2009 production of 18,924 tons from a planted area of 34,497 hectares.
The statistics showed that Sana’a province topped the list of provinces producing coffee in 2013 with 7,112 tons from an area of 11,235 hectares, followed by Raymah province with 4,139 tons from an area of 7,715 hectares, then Sa’ada province with 1,752 tons from an area of 3,471 hectares.
The Yemeni coffee exports in 2013 totaled 2,251 tons worth about 2.4 billion riyals, according to data issued by the Central Bureau of Statistics.
The data indicated that the Saudi market topped the importers, followed by the United States, Japan, the United Arab Emirates, Britain, and other countries.
Director General of the Agriculture Ministry Hafeez Garhash attributed the low exports of coffee in recent years to factors related to the shrinking cultivation area for Qat trees as well as the increasing domestic consumption of milk.
According to the Ministry of Agriculture, coffee is considered a natural organic plant that prompt the Ministry to adopt policies to develop it, including activities and programs to intensify rainwater harvesting and the establishment of modern solar energy systems and irrigation, and the promotion of agricultural extension activities to improve methods of cultivation and post-harvest technology.
Coffee is classified within the important cash crops as generating huge profits outweighing the costs of production, as well as its contribution to the national economy and the difficult foreign currency revenues from exports to most world markets.
As a result, the quality of Yemeni coffee has had an iconic presence on the global level since the early sixth century as the first source of coffee through Mokha port that carried the name of “Mocha” all over the world.