By NY Staff
In January 2011, the Yemeni Revolution sparked from the gates of Sana’a University against the former president Ali Abdullah Saleh, who ruled Yemen for 33 years. Yet most Yemeni forces mark the beginning of the revolution on February 11th, the day of angry protests. At that time, Saleh provided some concessions and famously said, “No extension, no inheritance.”
In March 2011, Saleh introduced an initiative to resolve the crisis and called for the transfer of power from the executive to parliament, but it was rejected by the opposition.
March 18th 2011 was the massacre of the Friday of Dignity, or “Juma’a al-Karama”, where tens of youth were killed. After the massacre on March 23, the Sheikhs of Hashid Tribe, Sadeq al-Ahmar and Ali Mohsen al-Ahmar, announced their official joining of the revolution.
In April, the United Nations appointed Jamal Benomar as a Special Adviser to Yemen. In the same month the GCC presented an initiative to transfer power. On June 3rd, Saleh was exposed to an assassination attempt. He went to Saudi Arabia for treatment and returned after four months on September 23rd. After the assassination attempt, clashes erupted between forces loyal to him and protesters.
Yemen signed the Gulf initiative on November 23rd that stated the formation of a national government and the holding of presidential elections. On February 25th 2012, Abdu Rabbu Manssor Hadi was appointed president of Yemen, while on March 18th the National Dialogue Conference (NDC) started.
On January 21st 2014, political parties signed the NDC document that provided a solution for the Sa’ada and Southern issues as well as disarming the Houthis. On September 21st, Sana’a fell into the hands of the Houthis. On the same day, political forces signed the Peace and Partnership Agreement to form a government of technocrats and appoint advisers to the president.
In January 2015, the Houthis rejected the new constitution draft, seized the TV headquarters, and surrounded the presidential palace. After that, Hadi resigned and southern governorates refused to receive any orders from Sana’a. In the same month, many governorates protested against the Houthis. Then, the Houthis called for a dialogue conference while Hadi asked the Houthis to leave Sana’a and return back with his militants. In February 2015, the Houthis declared their Constitutional Declaration, which was rejected by most powers and was considered a coup.