By Fakhri Al-Arashi
Almost thirteen months have passed on Yemen’s war, the world leaders including their nations and the friends of Yemen have shown more sympathy and care about the humanitarian crisis, daily bloodshed and the badly destruction of the country’s infrastructure. The Yemeni warring parties represented by the exiled President AbdRabou Mansour Hadi, his government and the legitimacy supporters from one side, and the coups represented by the Houthi rebels and the former president Saleh’s loyalists have offered less on the ground to ease the suffer of citizens compared to the plenty calls and proposals they have drafted for obtaining peace.
Despite of that, all politicians are still looking to Yemen with an eye of hope to achieve a greater progress in the few coming days in Kuwait.
The U.N. special envoy for Yemen will be leading peace talks in Kuwait along with other international facilitators between the government and Houthi rebels with full support from the GCC leaders. In his last Friday speech at the UNSC Ismail Ould Cheikh Ahmed said, peace has never been as close as it is today. He continued to say, the agreement by both sides to an open-ended cessation of hostilities that began at midnight on April 10 and their commitment to attend the talks starting Monday in Kuwait highlight the potential for peace.
On the Yemeni cause, we support the efforts of the UN to ensure the success of consultations to be held in Kuwait as part of the implementation of Security Council resolution 2216,” King Salman told the assembled leaders during the 13th session of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC), which included Turkey President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, whose country hosted the submit on the 14th of April 2016. King Salman and the Saudi government are promoting Yemen in each and every international meeting aiming to draw the world attention in solving Yemen fighting in a peaceful manner.
As a peace caller, journalist and activist, I will extensively highlight on the historical call of the Kuwaiti government for sponsoring the new round of peace talks within its homeland. The importance and the opportunity that could create a road map for peace has only come to remember the old Kuwaiti involvement in hosting the first brotherly political meeting between Ali Abdullah Saleh, President of the Yemen Arab Republic and Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces, and Comrade Abdul Fattah Ismail, Secretary-General of the Yemeni Socialist Party who met in the city of Kuwait from 28 to 30 March 1979. So the political history of Kuwait in Yemen is deep rooted and meaningful.
Out of the many initiatives, the mass of politicians around the globe believe that the peace is about to occur through the Kuwaiti gate, if the Yemeni conflicted parties are ready for it. The new peace round which will be kicked off by April 18th, has been following the blessings and encouragement of many decision makers including the UN envoy to Yemen Ismail Ould Cheikh Ahmed, the US government, UK , EU, Saudi Arabia, GCC and the warring parties who have agreed with full confidence to go to Kuwait for peace, as it is the only solution for all Yemen problems.
With the unlimited Appreciation of Kuwait good hands in Yemen, the 13th Islamic summit conference of the Organization of the Islamic Cooperation (OIC) valued the efforts of hosting negotiations among Yemen stakeholders in the coming few days.
The talks in Kuwait will focus on five main areas: the withdrawal of militias and armed groups, the handover of heavy weapons to the state, interim security arrangements, the restoration of state institutions and the resumption of inclusive political dialogue, and the establishment of a committee on prisoners and detainees.
In the way of recalling history, the government of Kuwait represented by its old and new leadership has save Yemen since before, when Sheikh Jaber al-Ahmad alSabah, Emir of the State of Kuwait, and with his commendable, positive contribution by declaring Yemen unity as one factor for stability, security and peace in the region.
In his address to the two days opening summit in Turkey, Amir of Kuwait Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmed Al-Jaber Al-Sabah has called on all the Yemeni parties to find a peaceful settlement to their country’s ongoing crisis . He hoped the recent declared ceasefire would pave the way for the upcoming reconciliations talks in Kuwait, April 18th.
In their last meeting, the Kuwaiti cabinet wished that the talks in Kuwait would put an end to the conflict in Yemen urging all parties to abide by the truce.
Over the past and the present, the Kuwaiti leadership has played a vital role in bringing Yemen closer to the corner of peace and prosper. They have pledged billions of dollars to assist the Yemeni government over comes the financial and constructive needs in the different parts at all levels.
In the diplomatic corner, Yemen’s U.N. Ambassador Khaled Alyemany, told the UNSC on Friday “the government has extended an olive branch to promote peace” and in the eyes of the Yemeni people the talks “are the last chance for peace.”
He urged the council to call for an end to Iran’s “interference in the region,” citing the weapons Tehran has sent to the rebels which have fueled the conflict.
“Yemen is now at a critical crossroad,” he told the U.N. Security Council. “One path leads to peace while the other can only worsen the security and humanitarian situation.”
The move forward peace in Yemen left a good hope among people of Yemen in and out of the country who felt depressed of the dying situation. For that matter, The United States announced nearly $139 million in humanitarian assistance in response to the Yemen crisis today.
Since the beginning of the current conflict in March 2015, approximately 2.7 million Yemenis have been displaced and over 20 million Yemenis are in need of humanitarian protection and assistance. The USAID-funded Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) estimates that at least 6 million people in Yemen are currently in need of life-saving food assistance.
“Yemen is facing a brutal war on one hand and a significant terrorist threat on the other” that has grown in the vacuum created by the chaos, said the envoy. More than 6,400 people have been killed and more than 30,000 injured and they are in a bad need for medical care.
A previous round of UN-brokered talks in Switzerland in January failed to make any headway. A ceasefire that went into force in December was repeatedly violated and eventually abandoned by the coalition on January 2.
On March 15th, Emir of Kuwait receives President Abed Rabbo Mansour Hadi, who later met with His Highness the Crown Prince Sheikh Nawaf Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah, His Highness the Prime Minister Sheikh Jaber Al-Mubarak Al- Hamad Al-Sabah, First Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister Sheikh Sabah Al-Khaled Al-Hamad Al-Sabah, Deputy Premier and Interior Minister Sheikh Mohammad Al-Khaled Al-Hamad Al-Sabah and Deputy Premier and Defense Minister Sheikh Khaled Al-Jarrah Al- Sabah be accommodated by an honorary mission headed by the Amiri Diwan Advisor.
From that visit, president Abed Rabbo Mansour Hadi welcomed the call of the Kuwaiti request to host the Yemeni warring parties peace talks. May this talks obtain the ultimate goal of all powers as its planned.
- After President Hadi’s visit, the Government of Kuwait allocated 500 million dollar to help the urgent need of Yemeni people in the different part of Yemen.